Narrow view of some communities have made them entangled in the claim, “The world is created by God for me, not for you.” This justification is usually against a background of the exclusive mindset which negates presence of other groups that are different from them. That differences can be a difference of religion, tribe, language, culture, gender, and etc, which can not be circumvented by anyone. We live in a world full of color, not a color.
The inability to coexist well lead to horizontal conflicts in society. Blood spilled in the name of defense of a particular identity. Murder in the name of God became a bitter reality that we cannot deny. Various campaigns of harmony have actually encouraged by the government, but a long line of victims of violence list because of differences in beliefs and cultural background is still rising. The events that has strucked Jama’ah Ahmadiyya in Cikeusik West Java , assault church in Temanggung, and the prohibition to entry school for Ahmadiyah followers’s children in Mataram NTB, which occurred recently, showed us that harmony and tolerance in Indonesia are still fragile.
Observing this phenomenon, Center for Religious and Cross-cultural Studies (CRCS) as an educational institution concern with the themes of religious and cultural dynamics, try to provide a new perspective in building the diversity in Indonesia. Friday, March 25, 2011 housed in seminar room Graduate School of Gadjah Mada University, CRCS held Book Launching & Discussions: New Directions Political Diversity in Indonesian.
This event presented the experts who have experienced, not only in discourse but also actively involved in encouraging dialogue between different groups in Indonesia, like Dr. Zainal Abidin Bagir (Director of CRCS), Trisno S Sutanto (Founder of Religious Dialogue Society), Mustaghfiroh Rahayu (Researcher of CRCS), Samsurizal Pangabean (Chief of Center Studies for Peace and Conflict Resolution Gadjah Mada University) as speakers, and Farid Wajidi (Director of Islam and Social Studies Institute, LKiS, a highly productive research institute in published religious and culture books) as moderator.
Many people suspect to pluralism. This term is often understood partially as a stream that sees all true doctrine, and all religions bring people to heaven. So, the debate began to enter the rooms of theological, religious truth is to compare one with another religion. For Dr. Zainal, pluralism should be understood as a positive or constructive response to the reality of diversity, not only religious but also cultural diversity, language, ethnicity, gender, social, economic, and others.
Since Post-Reform, wants to legalize religious teaching in public spaces increasingly strong in Indonesia. For regional level, the presence of regulations local laws that accommodate a particular religious doctrine has presented the concerns of many people. On the other hand, actualization of the religion’s spirit in public spaces is also fueled the fire of hostility to followers of other faiths and followers of the teachings of which was labeled heretical. CRCS’s years report showed that violence have been increasing from year to year.
Theological pluralism has been promoted by some inter faith thinkers, was not always effectively mitigate the conflict. Therefore, Dr. Zainal said, needed a new approach in managing diversity that exists in our society. After reviewing many years, both in theory and research directly to the field, the leaders are concentrating on Pluralism Knowledge Programme (PKP), offered a new direction of the diversity’s management that is called Pluralism of Citizenship. Pluralism of Citizenship contains four draft guidelines. First, the identity of each group is recognized, without being forced to perform assimilation or changes. Secondly, all citizens whatever their religion, ethnicity, language, and gender are treated equal protection by government. Third, the locus of the pluralism management is a public space, so don’t take care of internal affairs of each group.
Democracy has provided opportunities occur openly fight for various groups to realize their interests as national interests. Thus, this condition opens an opportunity for the majority to intimidate the minority through formal regulations. When the ruling Islamic majority, then the products are born very nuanced law of Islam. Similarly, if in a place ruled by the followers of other religions. To avoid the chance of oppression from majority against minority, Dr. Zainal offered solutions that in the midst of a pluralistic society should have universal standards of human rights that should be a common reference in the management of public space. Admittedly, sometimes the nature of the generality of human rights couldn’t resolve specific cases. To get around these conditions, Dr. Zainal sees the dialogue as a solution of the deadlock.
Mustaghfiroh Rahayu who appeared as the second speaker, presented Pluralism and Gender. Ayu said, “Most cultural and religious traditions which have established traditions that discriminate against and often difficult to compromise with the norms of gender. Consequently, state efforts to manage diversity are often in conflict with the rights of women. In this case, women are faced with difficult choices. On the one hand, She confronted the group remains loyal to tradition, on the other hand, a tradition that accommodated those treating them unfairly. “
There are allegations said that the movement towards pluralism have a grudge with religious doctrines. However, according to Trisno S Sutanto which appeared as the third speaker, that allegations was caused by ignorance some people differentiated religion as a doctrine or dogma and religion as a belief that is transcendental. As a doctrine, religion contains various doctrines which sometimes required adherents to show religious symbols in public spaces. But as faith, religion is a very personal relationship between God and man. So, can’t be interfered with by others or government. Therefore, let each person accordance with their religious beliefs, because it’s a personally responsible. The frictions that occurs between religions should be discussed honestly, without the pressure, so eventually became a monologue.
Samsurizal Pangabean which appeared as the last speaker at the first session of discussion, stressed the importance of openness among the groups that are in conflict. Dare to step ahead to meet with opposites, not to attack, but invites a dialogue and seek solutions to conflicts that occur is a best step to achieve peace.
Book Launching & Discussions: New Directions Political Diversity in Indonesian was officially opened by Dr Hartono DEA., DESS, the Director of Graduate School Gadjah Mada University and attended by hundreds of participants including International students who are studying at Gadjah Mada University.